CAH is the collective name that involves a group of disorders involving the adrenal gland. The disorders are inherited and passed down from patient to patient genetically and can range in severity from fairly mild to very intense, depending on the presentation within a particular patient and they symptom’s long term effects.
CAH involves disorders that affect the adrenal gland’s ability to make hormones, cortisol, and aldosterone, which are all essential for life. CAH is the lacking of this enzyme, which makes these hormones, and thus, involves some serious issues for people who are negatively affected by this disorder and its effects.
The causes of CAH are not widely known, except for the fact that it appears to be an inherited, genetic condition. This condition is passed down from person to person within family, and people whose parents have CAH are themselves much more likely to be affected by CAH within their lifetime.
Other than that, the causes of CAH are not well known. Learning why and how CAH displays itself within people, as well as whether or not there could be a possible test to determine issues before they become significant problems, would go a long way for the medical community to better understand CAH. As it stands, CAH typically involves mitigating symptoms and managing patient care more than finding a specific cure and forever return hormone levels to normal and highly functioning.
Symptoms vary widely, and depend on what age, gender, and other specific qualifiers each patient is when diagnosed with CAH. Children with mild forms of the disorder are typically not showing signs or symptoms, and it may take until late adolescence to diagnose them with a disease. Boys typically appear normal at birth, and are more difficult do diagnose, while girls typically are born abnormally and are easier to diagnose at birth with CAH.
Other symptoms for young adults and older people involved poor feeding and vomiting, dehydration, electrolyte changes, early appearance of pubic or armpit hair, enlargement of the clitoris in women, and more than normal well-developed muscles and muscular structure in young adult patients.
Both boys and girls with CAH will be tall and average during childhood, but as adults they will fail to keep growing and be much shorter than the average adult over time. Treatment of CAH is not easy or simple, but it can be done, and symptoms can be managed as hormone levels are returned to normal. People affected by CAH do have options when it comes to improving their plight and living healthy, normal lives even when dealing with the disorder itself.