Mental illness is a catchall name for disorders that encompass mental problems and psychological issues as defined by medical doctors, therapists, and trained psychologists. Because mental illness can mean so many different specific illnesses and problems, it can be difficult to taper down the exact problems, causes, stats, and solutions, but generally speaking mental illness can be lessened with psychological care, medication, and more professional oversight.
Millions of Canadians suffer from various types of mental illness, but it can be difficult to get a good gauge on numbers and causes because there can be a great deal of stigma associated with seeking mental health treatment. Because of that, and a general public misunderstanding of what mental illness means, many people do not get the care they need and thus, psychologists don’t have as strong an idea of the prevalence of these illnesses as they would like.
Causes of mental illness can vary greatly, and depend specifically on which exact illness is discussed, but genetics can play a large role in mental illness formation in a patient. Patients who have parents and other relatives who have suffered from mental illnesses are much more likely to be afflicted by mental illnesses, themselves.
Additionally, environmental causes are a major problem for people suffering through them. These causes can range from a stressful, abusive or violent upbringing that creates mental illness in a child turned adult, or stressful situations at work or in home life that exacerbates a mental illness problem in an adult over time.
Symptoms of mental illness vary as widely as the causes of the illnesses themselves, but again, there are certain things to be aware of when dealing with mental illness. Irrational behavior on a consistent basis may be a sign of a mental illness, especially if the irrational behavior comes from someone who is otherwise rational, non-violent, and calm, cool, and collected. Other symptoms may include unusual activity that is not typically undertaken by the patient, or even issues like paranoia or mistrust of the patient’s previously trusted friends or family.
Deviant behavior is a problem when it comes to mental illness, and should be watched carefully if you feel someone you know may be dealing with a mental illness. People suffering from mental illnesses are well advised to visit a medical doctor and a psychologist, as this can be a great start to stopping and overcoming all kinds of mental illnesses with therapy, medication, and more.