Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a relatively common anxiety disorder that appears and manifests itself as unwanted thoughts and issues in people, including repeated thoughts, feelings, and sensations, or obsessive behaviors that make them drive to do something compulsively and repeatedly.
OCD can be extremely frustrating, as it typically forces people to compulsively clean, organize, or repeat tasks to ensure they are perfect and finished, when a person without OCD would have moved on and continued their life without that anxiety and associated problems getting things done and moving on with life.
OCD is very common. In fact, it is significantly more common that psychologists once thought, and many people with OCD will develop full symptoms and show the issues by age 30, or earlier. There are multiple theories about what causes OCD, though none have been definitively confirmed by any psychological consensus.
Some reports have linked head injuries, infections, and other brain and neck traumas to OCD. Still other studies have shown that brain abnormalities exist in patients with OCD, though this is not a hard and fast rule. Much more research must be done in order for scientists to understand exactly what causes OCD and how it can be contained, cured, and treated in perpetuity.
The symptoms of OCD vary widely, as can be expected, but they include a range of compulsive and repeated behaviors like continuously checking and re-checking actions, like locking a door or turning on and off lights. Additionally, they can include an excessive fear of germs, the compulsion to repeatedly wash hands to avoid biological issues, and more.
The person affected by OCD will, in a twist of irony, typically understand and recognize on their own that the behavior is unreasonable and unnecessary. However, many are unable to stop what they are doing and compulsively continue their behavior, proving the mental hold OCD can have on a patient.
OCD can be a surprisingly difficult disorder to deal with, but there are ways to treat the symptoms and help the anxiety a patient feels in compulsively checking and re-checking their actions. From medication to lessen anxiety, to therapy to get to the root of some of these problems, it is possible to “cure” OCD in the sense that symptoms can be managed quite well; people with the disorder do have hope to live a full life even in light of their OCD issues and difficulties moving forward.