Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) is a viral disease that affects the nerves, often severely, and typically leads to full on paralysis after polio or other issues involving the poliovirus. Unchecked, the virus can spread quickly and can negatively affect a great deal of people and children in a very negative way through significant outbreaks and other unchecked epidemiological issues.
This virus enters through the nose and mouth, just like a common cold would, and is quickly absorbed through the blood to spread through the lymph system. The average time between being infected with the PPS virus and showing symptoms can range from 1 to 5 weeks, though most people do not develop significant symptoms.
The disease is caused virally, through person-to-person contact and other direct contact. Additionally, it can be acquired through infected mucus or phlegm from a person that is contacted by another, or through infected feces and other common bodily excretions.
The disorder is additionally a risk for people who do not have an immunization against polio, as well as people who have recently traveled to or are currently living in an area that has experienced a significant polio outbreak. Outbreaks can still occur in the developed world, too, where polio can be brought back from a third-world country and cause an outbreak among Americans and Canadians quite easily.
The symptoms of polio vary widely, and for most people, the symptoms stay relatively benign and do not develop into major problems or paralysis. These symptoms include general discomfort and uneasiness, red throat issues, headaches, slight or severe fevers, sore throats, vomiting, and other acute, related problems.
These people may not experience symptoms, or mild symptoms may last just three or four days. For other people, though, the central nervous system is affected by polio severely, and these symptoms eventually lead into more severe issues related to paralytic forms and paralysis among those infected.
While paralysis is rare among people who experience PPS, it must be taken seriously as polio left unchecked can turn into paralysis and other severe medical problems. Thus, these symptoms must be checked out by a doctor, especially for people who have just returned from a developing country, most typically in Africa or Asia, or who have just traveled to a region of a polio outbreak.
For many people, though, PPS can be diagnosed and treated extremely easily with antibiotics and other forms of treatment, allowing to manage pain while treating symptoms and letting PPS run its course through the body.