Fragile X syndrome, also known as Fragile X, is one of the most common forms of mental retardation that occurs due to a genetic link. Fragile X syndrome occurs when a mutation occurs in any gene that is passed from one generation to another. The condition does not discriminate between ethnic groups, and can happen to anyone. The disorder occurs as the mutated gene is unable to produce certain proteins needed by cells, especially cells in the brain. This prevents the cells from developing and functioning normally, leading to patients with the condition having a relatively low IQ.
People with Fragile X syndrome have noticeable physical characteristics such as a long face and large ears. They also have trouble adapting to different sensations, emotions and behaviour.
Do you have a child or family member with Fragile X syndrome? You might consider applying for the Disability Tax Credit and other benefits offered by the Canadian government.
Just a change or mutation in a single gene is all it takes to cause Fragile X syndrome. The particular gene that causes Fragile X is the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) gene, found on the X chromosome.
The condition occurs mainly because the FMR1 gene does not have the ability to produce the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP) in sufficient quantities. The volume of FMRP in the body directly affects the severity of the mental retardation in the patient. The more the FMRP levels the milder the symptoms of the condition; the less the FMRP the more severe the symptoms.
The symptoms of Fragile X syndrome are both physically and behaviourally apparent. In infants some early noticeable symptoms include delay in turning, crawling or walking. Other signs are not clapping or biting hands, impulsive behaviour, speech and language delay, not being able to keep eye contact and mental retardation.
Physical signs may include long face, big forehead or ears, flat feet, unusually flexible joints, large body size and soft skin. Some of these symptoms occur at birth and some may even continue to develop after puberty.
Disability Tax Credits for Fragile X Syndrome
If you have a child or family member with Fragile X syndrome, help is available. You might qualify for the Disability Tax Credit under more than one category, including, but not limited to, walking, dressing, feeding, speaking and mental functions. Contact HandyTax today, to see how we can help you.