Turner Syndrome is a case where a woman is missing all or part of an X chromosome at birth. The condition only occurs in females, and most commonly experiences the female patient having only one single X chromosome, which can affect the quality of their life after birth. Turner Syndrome may promote a variety of health and quality of life changes in young women, and possibly negatively affect their life if it is serious enough to do so.
Turner Syndrome is not a very common ailment, as it only affects one in roughly every 2,000 or 2,500 live births, and only affects female births. Symptoms and signs of Turner Syndrome are readily apparent right at birth, although it can be diagnosed at any stage of life if it cannot be diagnosed or determined definitively after the birthing process itself.
There is no known way to prevent Turner Syndrome, and no known causes other than the assumption that it is obviously genetic, as it is caused in the womb before the birth itself. Turner Syndrome can be detected through pre-natal testing, should a parent suspect they may be a carrier, or have Turner Syndrome themselves, but there are no specific causes of Turner Syndrome that are outlined by medical science or a consensus of medical doctors.
Turner Syndrome has no known method for prevention, though babies born with Turner Syndrome can be perfectly healthy at birth. Other babies suffer from a variety of issues, including cataracts, diabetes, obesity, scoliosis, high blood pressure, heart defects, kidney problems, and even middle ear infections in childhood and leading into adulthood.
Symptoms of Turner Syndrome can be readily available and visible at birth; possible symptoms include things like swollen hands and feet, and even a wider than normal and abnormally webbed neck in the newborn baby. Still other symptoms include drooping eyelids, infertility, short height, no periods for the females as they grow into teenagers, and absent or incomplete development at puberty, making women who suffer from it look younger than normal.
There are signs and tests to determine Turner Syndrome, and symptoms can be a significant sign that something may be wrong, and that tests may be necessary. Though there is no known cause of Turner Syndrome, and no way to prevent it after it has been diagnosed, people suffering from Turner Syndrome can still live wholesome and full lives irrespective of the challenges they may face and medical problems that they may experience, including infertility.