Tay-Sachs Disease is a brain disorder and group of disorders that involves the harming and destruction of the brain, as well as neurological and nervous system functions, and human movements like learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking. Tay-Sachs Disease can be very damaging to the human body, and can often be permanent and include spastic movements and other movements that a patient cannot control on their own.
Those who suffer from Tay-Sachs Disease must have extensive medical attention from medical doctors, as well as in some cases physical therapy and other extensive care from a professional caregiver. Tay-Sachs Disease can create a patient who struggles to complete many daily activities on their own, and thus needs significant help from a caregiver to complete these tasks and try to improve the quality of their life.
Causes of Tay-Sachs Disease
Tay-Sachs Disease is caused by injuries of the brain, genetic issues related to the disease being passed down between family members, and occasionally abnormalities that are genetic or otherwise. Most problems that lead to Tay-Sachs Disease start in the womb and expand as a baby grows, but they can happen to any child during the first two years of life while the brain is still developing. In some Tay-Sachs Disease cases, parts of the brain are injured because of low oxygen levels to the brain, though it is not known why this happens.
Other Tay-Sachs Disease cases in infants are caused by brain infections, head injuries, severe jaundice, and infections in the mother during pregnancy. A great deal of the causes of these brain injuries leading to Tay-Sachs Disease are unknown, and in a significant amount of cases, the cause is never determined.
Symptoms of Tay-Sachs Disease
Symptoms of Tay-Sachs Disease can differ very widely between different people, and can be either very mild or very severe. Occasionally, symptoms only involve one side of the body, but can also affect both sides of it, and be more pronounced in either the arms or legs. Dexterity is strongly affected in Tay-Sachs Disease, and it can be very difficult for those with Tay-Sachs Disease to move effectively on their own.
Symptoms of Tay-Sachs Disease also include tight joints that do not open up all the way, weak muscles or the complete loss of muscle movement towards paralysis, abnormal walking patterns, and muscles that are very tight and do not stretch open over time.
Tay-Sachs Disease is a serious event for any family to deal with, and every child who comes down with Tay-Sachs Disease is in for a serious, life-changing amount of work ahead of them with their caregivers and medical professionals. Because it is passed down through families, doctors are increasingly hoping that Tay-Sachs Disease can be found out and eliminated over time so that children and others don’t have to deal with this disorder if the medical community knows that a particular parent of set of parents exhibits the right chromosomes for it in time.