West Nile Virus is a very serious disease that affects millions around the world, without a cure. While there are many forms of West Nile Virus and many medical treatments that can improve symptoms and make West Nile Virus a livable disease, there is no set cure for the disease as of yet, and as such, it provides a significant threat to both public health, and personal health.
While West Nile Virus is an equal opportunity offender – that is, it is shown to be in every continent and among most every group of people – it disproportionately affects those in developing countries and nations, specifically in Africa. As such, it is a very important disease to find a cure for and eradicate in a cost-effective method to improve the lives of millions of people around the world.
Causes of West Nile Virus
Originally sent to humans through contact with mosquitoes that had the disease, West Nile Virus is caused by several different factors. It is a blood-borne disorder, meaning that you have to do more than simply shake hands, or even kiss, a person with West Nile Virus in order for you to get it; you need to exchange bodily fluids like blood, or sexually transmitted fluids.
West Nile Virus is caused by blood-borne transfusions, including blood transfusions themselves in hospitals where a person with West Nile Virus donates blood to another person without knowing, and sexual transmission due to unprotected sex with somebody with West Nile Virus. It is also caused by the sharing of needles and poor hygiene practices among those who share needles and other things, whether in hospitals, or among recreational drug users. Most typically, though, it is acquired through mosquitoes and other airborne animals that can sting and bite.
West Nile Virus is currently very tough to cure, with no set cure and only a very costly drug cocktail that can manage symptoms as it turns into full blown Human Immunodeficiency Virus and can rob you of life and potential.
Symptoms of West Nile Virus
The symptoms of West Nile Virus start out innocuously enough, interestingly, as symptoms related to the common cold. Because West Nile Virus attacks the immune system, it is typically seen as simply a common cold, or other problem like bronchitis or more. But over time, these symptoms worsen, and the patient wears down over time to have to deal with significant problems related to their disease and associated issues.
As such, symptoms worsen as the disease progresses, until it gets to the point where your body is so weak, and you are so sick with a weakened immune system from the disease fighting inside your body, that you are unable to fight even the most basic common cold. Many West Nile Virus victims die of things like pneumonia, which are imminently treatable in healthy patients, but next to impossible to treat in those who have had their immune system weakened by this disease in the first place.