Marfan Syndrome

Disability Benefit and Tax Credit for Marfan Syndrome

 

Introduction

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by distention and deterioration of the connective tissues in the lungs, heart, eyes, bones, spinal cord and other tissues resulting to cardiac and blood vessel abnormalities, such as leaking heart valves or feebleness in the aorta. In Marfan syndrome, the connective tissuesfail toprovidevital organs with structural supportand elasticity.Individuals withMarfan syndrome are frequently very tall, skinny, and present with loose joints. There is no therapeutic regimen that will cureMarfan syndrome, however, existing therapies like surgeries, therapies and medications can help prevent and delay possible fatal complications.

Marfan syndrome affects a person’s ability to feed and prepare food, play, and dress and carry on other activities of daily living (ADLs). Complications may have a detrimental effect on his ability to walk, run and engage in sports. His vision is likely to be affected in the long run because of complications like Glaucoma, Premature Cataract and Retinal Detachment. Marfan syndrome may impinge emotional distress to the person with Marfan syndrome as well as to his family.When diagnosed, he/she may feel angry, depressed, anxious or scared. Furthermore, denial is also a common initialresponse; this may be detrimental especially if the outcome isaverting appropriate medical attention and not refraining from engagement instrenuous occupation and vigorous sports. Moreover, parents of a child with Marfan syndrome may feel grief, desolation and guilt. It is vital for parents to understand that they are not accountable.

 

Causes

By and large, Marfan syndrome is inherited from either the mother or father however, one in every four cases manifests in a child of unaffected parentswith no known family history of the disease. Marfan syndrome is pre-existing at birth, but could not be diagnosed until adolescence or later in life.  It occurs equally between the sexes, who have a 50% possibility of sending on the gene to their kids. Prenatal diagnostic testing for Marfan syndrome is accessible which detects genetic mutation associated with Marfan syndrome. A procedure called linkage analysis tracks the gene by utilizing genetic markers.All men and women with Marfan syndrome present the same defective gene, but not every person live through the same symptoms to the same extent.

 

Symptoms

There is no definite diagnostic procedure to diagnose Marfan syndrome. Moreover, the physician may clinically diagnose it through thorough assessment of the person’s medical and family history, and most importantly, a review of systems.

The presenting symptom is myopia or nearsightedness resulting from increased retinal curvaturesecondary to connective tissue changes in the eye. It potentiates an increased chance of glaucoma, retinal detachment, and untimely cataract development.It may also result to anexaggerated bone growth and laxity and flexibility of the joints. Scoliosis, protruding or sinking in off the chest may occur as the person grows older. This causes the appearance of disproportionately long arms and legs.Crowded teeth, flat feet and prominently lengthy fingers and toes may also be manifested but mortality is largely due to abnormal cardiovascular complications.

 

Treatment

A multidisciplinary team of medical professionals including an orthopedist, geneticist,ophthalmologist, cardiologist as well as a cardiothoracic surgeon handle cases of Marfan syndrome. They usually provide symptomatic treatment as follows:

  • Visual problems are generally managed with corrective glasses and/or ophthalmic surgical procedures.
  • Skeletal deficitspossibly will require surgery. Arch supports and orthotics are prescribed for persons with flat feet in order to diminish strain on legsas well as muscle cramps.
  • Beta blockers will be prescribed toalleviatetension on the aorta at the time of diagnosis or when there is a worsening dilation of the aorta. At this time, it has delayed but not vetoed the need to ultimatelycarry out aortic surgical repair.
  • Annual cardiovascular diagnostic studies includeECGs to observe the status of the aorta.
  • Affected individuals are strictly advised to steer clear of engaging in competitive and contact sports as well as weight lifting. However, they may engage in aerobic exercises like swimming. Moreover, they should avoid caffeinated beverages and decongestants, which may hasten blood pressure.

 

Disability Tax Credits for Marfan Syndrome

MarfanSyndrome is caused by defective genes and will usually start manifesting as early as childhood. If you suspect that you or your child may have this affliction, do not hesitate to consult your health care provider. With this, you might qualify for a disability tax certificate or your child may be eligible for a disability savings plan. Let a HandyTax representative help you facilitate the ease of filing for your claim.