Pelvic Inflammatory Disease





Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a gynecologic infection that involves the female reproduction organs, mainly the fallopian tubes, uterus, ovaries, and/or the peritoneum. This condition is considered to be one of the most severe complications that can arise from a sexually transmitted disease in females. It can, by some means, cause permanent damage to a few parts of the female reproductive system, and is a needless reason for female infertility.

This is quite a common infection, affecting approximately one million women in the United States each year. This condition is prevalent among sexually active young women who are below 25 years of age, though pelvic inflammatory disease can affect any woman of any age.



Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by infections that breach the protective barrier of the cervix. Sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea or chlamydia increases the risk for developing pelvic inflammatory disease, at the same time it accounts for approximately 80-90% of the reported cases of this condition.

This disease does not necessarily stem from a sexually transmitted infection. It can also be brought about by other factors that expose the reproductive tract to the causative agents such as use of an intrauterine device (IUD), abortion or miscarriage, childbirth (whether normal or through Cesarean section), or endometrial biopsy and other pelvic procedures.

The factors that increase the risk for contracting pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • Being sexually active before the age of 20;
  • Unprotected intercourse;
  • Having multiple sex partners;
  • Having a sex partner who also has multiple sex partners;
  • Previous exposures to STIs and PID;
  • Douching; and
  • Using an intrauterine device (IUD) as a birth control method.


Signs and Symptoms

Many women are not aware that they have pelvic inflammatory disease simply because they do not get any symptoms. However, for those who experience them, the symptoms can vary from very mild to quite severe. Oftentimes, this condition would manifest pretty much the same symptoms as the sexually transmitted infection that caused it in the first place. Among the list of symptoms for this condition are the following:

  • Dull/sharppain felt on the pelvic area, lower abdomen or back;
  • Inflammation and tenderness of the pelvic area;
  • Fever that is more than 38°C/100.4°F (can be accompanied by chills);
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Painful and/or frequent urination;
  • Increased vaginal discharge that can be foul-smelling and yellowish or greenish in color;
  • Abnormal menstruation;
  • Pain during intercourse.

In severe cases, the infection can possibly be spread to the bloodstream or some other parts of the body. This makes pelvic inflammatory disease a serious condition.



Depending on the causative agent and the severity of the condition, the degree of the treatment option will also vary. For mild cases of pelvic inflammatory disease, an antibiotic therapy regimen will be prescribed by the physician, along with future checkups to monitor the progress of the treatment.

On the other hand, for more severe cases of this condition, the affected person may be asked to submit herself to hospitalization for better monitoring and easier administration of medications. Antibiotics may be given intravenously at first, and then can eventually proceed to the oral route.

The sexual partner or partners of the affected woman should also be treated for sexually transmitted disease. This is to ensure that the infection will no longer be passed on to another individual, and to reduce the risk of reinfection. Other methods of protection (like condoms) must be utilized until all the prescribed antibiotics have been consumed.


Disability Tax Credits for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Having a gynecologic infection such as PID can be traumatizing for the affected individual. She may be ostracized by society for having such condition. The Canadian Revenue Agency thinks that even with this disease, you still deserve some disability tax credits. Let a HandyTax agent assist you in filing for your disability tax claim. Call us now and set that appointment!